Why Is The Caste System A Central Part Of The Hindu Religion?
Why Is The Caste System A Central Part Of The Hindu Religion? – If you are a Hindu, then you already know what the caste system is and how it works. Also, it seems something natural to you because you have been raised in that system. But for non-Hindus and the western culture, the Caste System is unknown or highly controversial. But it is still a big part of the Hindu Religion.
Before answering the question Why Is The Caste System A Central Part Of The Hindu Religion? let’s see what is the Caste System and how does it work.
Why Is The Caste System Part Of The Hindu Religion?
The Caste System
The caste system is a system which places individuals in different classes or groups. Mostly depending on their occupation. Therefore, if you were born in a certain caste, then you belong to that occupational group your whole life. Although it is practiced only by Hindu, it penetrates for centuries certain aspects of the Indian society. We also have to mention that non-Hindu religions do not follow the caste system. It is purely dependent on religion.
The four classes of The Caste System:
- Brahmana – it is the class of the spirituals. These individuals learn and teach spirituality.
- Kshatriya – this class contains those who work in domains such as public services, law and order, defense, administration and more.
- Vaishya – the individuals from this class perform commercial activities. They are businessman, traders, merchants and dealers.
- Shudra – the class of workers and laborers.
We also have to mention that people from different castes rarely intermarry. And they are forbidden from changing their caste. On the other hand, it is against the law to discriminate against lower castes.
Why Is The Caste System Part Of The Hindu Religion? – The Answer
Finally, the answer to the question Why Is The Caste System A Central Part Of The Hindu Religion? Is not very simple. A short answer is It is a carryover from Hinduism’s roots in the Aryan migration.
The Aryan Migration
Around 1500 BC a nomad warrior group, called Aryans, started to migrate into the Indus Valley. Also known as the Aryan migration. When the Aryans got to the Indus Valley, the Harappan civilization already lived there. It is not clear if the Aryans forced themselves upon the Harappans. Or they peacefully integrated and coexisted with them. But this migration lead to the start of the Vedic culture. The Aryan brought many rules, beliefs and knowledge with them. Which they integrated into to Vedic culture in addition to the Harappan beliefs.
Many believe that this is when the caste system has been integrated into the Vedic culture and later into the Hindu religion. Therefore, the Caste System was carried by the Aryans to the Indus Valley.